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Труды Института системного программирования РАН

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Применение подхода Fuzzy-DEMATEL при анализе проблем мобильных приложений

https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2019-31(4)-5

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Аннотация

Растущая популярность смартфонов привела к появлению большого количества мобильных приложений. Мобильные приложения динамичны по своей природе, поэтому классические подходы к разработке для них не подходят. Индивидуальные потребности пользователей, новые технологии, необходимость снижать энергопотребление и многие другие факторы побуждают разработчиков поставлять на рынок все новые и новые приложения. Однако из-за отсутствия формальных и специализированных для данной области практик разработки с мобильными приложениями связано множество различных проблем. Наличие таких проблем отрицательно сказывается на качестве приложений и на их восприятии конечными пользователями. В этой статье рассматриваются пятнадцать различных проблем, связанных с мобильными приложениями. Мы применили метод fuzzy-DEMATEL для анализа таких критически важных факторов и выделили среди этих факторов группы в соответствии с причинно-следственными связями. Сначала группа экспертов оценивает непосредственные связи между существенными проблемами мобильных приложений. Результаты оценок представляются в виде треугольных нечётких чисел (triangular fuzzy numbers,TFN). На втором шаге в TFN преобразуются лингвистические термины. На третьем шаге при помощи методов DEMATEL выполняется причинно-следственная классификация проблем. Проблемы из группы причин идентифицируются как критически важные в области разработки мобильных приложений. Результаты исследования сравниваются с другими вариантами DEMATEL, такими как G-DEMATEL и E-DEMATEL. Результаты сравнения показывает, что fuzzy-DEMATEL является наиболее подходящим методом анализа взаимосвязей между различными проблемами мобильных приложений. Выводы, содержащиеся в этой работе, могут способствовать эффективной идентификации значимых проблем, на которых должны быть сфокусированы усилия специалистов и менеджеров проектов в индустрии мобильных приложений.

Об авторах

Мамта Панди
Инженерно-технологический университет Джайпи
Индия
Научный сотрудник, факультет компьютерных наук и инженерии


Ратнеш Литория
Инженерно-технологический университет Джайпи
Индия
Доцент, Ph.D, факультет компьютерных наук и инженерии


Пратик Панди
Инженерно-технологический университет Джайпи
Индия
Доцент, PhD, факультет компьютерных наук и инженерии


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Для цитирования:


Панди М., Литория Р., Панди П. Применение подхода Fuzzy-DEMATEL при анализе проблем мобильных приложений. Труды Института системного программирования РАН. 2019;31(4):83-96. https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2019-31(4)-5

For citation:


Pandey M., Litorya R., Pandey P. Application of Fuzzy DEMATEL approach in analyzing mobile application issues. Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming of the RAS (Proceedings of ISP RAS). 2019;31(4):83-96. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2019-31(4)-5

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