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Труды Института системного программирования РАН

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Паттерны микросервисной архитектуры: многопрофильный обзор литературы

https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2021-33(1)-6

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Аннотация

Микросервисная архитектура позволяет разрабатывать распределенные системы с использованием набора независимых, легко связываемых, и пригодных к совместному использованию сервисов, удовлетворяющих насущным потребностям облачных вычислений. Каждый микросервис может быть реализован в различных технологиях с использованием общих каналов связи, что приводит к созданию гетерогенных распределенных систем, демонстрирующих высокую масштабируемость, эксплуатационную надежность, производительность и интероперабельность. В настоящее время существует множество вариантов построения микросервисов; некоторые из них основаны на паттернах, задающих общие структуры для решения повторяющихся задач. Тем не менее, поскольку микросервисы являются сравнительно новым трендом, взаимосвязи между атрибутами качества, метриками и паттернами четко не определены, что является проблемой с позиции программной инженерии, поскольку понимание этих взаимосвязей является фундаментом правильного проектирования систем с использованием этой архитектуры. Настоящая статья направлена на расширение знаний о проектировании микросервисных систем, представляя многопрофильный систематический обзор литературы о паттернах, касающихся микросервисов, и связывая их с атрибутами качества и метриками.

Об авторах

Хосе Али ВАЛЬДИВИЯ
Университет Веракрузана
Мексика

Бакалавр в области программной инженерии



Алонсо ЛОРА-ГОНСАЛЕС
Университет Веракрузана
Мексика

Бакалавр в области программной инженерии



Ксавье ЛИМОН
Университет Веракрузана
Мексика

Кандидат наук в области искусственного интеллекта, доцент факультета статистики и информатики



Карен КОРТЕС-ВЕРДИН
Университет Веракрузана
Мексика

Кандидат компьютерных наук, профессор факультета статистики и информатики



Хорхе Октавио ОЧАРАН-ЭРНАНДЕС
Университет Веракрузана
Мексика

Кандидат компьютерных наук, профессор факультета статистики и информатики



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Для цитирования:


ВАЛЬДИВИЯ Х., ЛОРА-ГОНСАЛЕС А., ЛИМОН К., КОРТЕС-ВЕРДИН К., ОЧАРАН-ЭРНАНДЕС Х. Паттерны микросервисной архитектуры: многопрофильный обзор литературы. Труды Института системного программирования РАН. 2021;33(1):81-96. https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2021-33(1)-6

For citation:


VALDIVIA J., LORA-GONZALEZ A., LIMÓN X., CORTES-VERDIN K., OCHARÁN-HERNÁNDEZ J. Patterns Related to Microservice Architecture: a Multivocal Literature Review. Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming of the RAS (Proceedings of ISP RAS). 2021;33(1):81-96. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15514/ISPRAS-2021-33(1)-6

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